What are the treatments for thyroids eye disease?
Thyroid eye disease progresses through two primary phases: Active and Inactive. The phase of active inflammation can last from several months to two years during which dryness and redness in the eye will likely be prominent. In the inactive phase, the condition may have settled down, but patients may be left with effects such as protruding eyes and may require additional treatment. Treatments for thyroid eye disease include:
- Self-care. These are treatments you can carry out yourself, including quitting smoking, wearing special sunglasses, using eye drops, wearing specially designed spectacles for double vision and avoiding exposure to irritants like dust.
- Correcting Thyroid Hormone Levels. Medicine is given to adjust the levels of thyroid hormones in the blood.
- Steroids. Powerful medicines that help control inflammation.
- Radiotherapy. Considered during the active phase if steroids have been ineffective.
- Surgery. For severe and persistent symptoms, surgery is usually considered: Eyelid surgery, eye muscle surgery, or orbital decompression surgery.