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What is thyroid eye disease?

Thyroid eye disease (TED), also known as Graves’ ophthalmopathy, is an autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation and swelling of the eyes and can stimulate the production of muscle tissue and fat at the back of the eye. This infection tends to make your eyes and eyelids red, swollen, bulging and uncomfortable.

What are the symptoms? 

The tissue around the eye is usually the main target for thyroid eye disease, resulting in inflammation and swelling which also causes:

  • Bulging of the eyes
  • Dryness and irritation, as the eyelids may not shut entirely.
  • Redness and pain in the eye
  • Puffiness around the eyes

As TED symptoms tend to be progressive, if swelling continues without treatment, additional symptoms can include: 

  • Increased pressure within the eye socket
  • Headaches or migraines that worsen with eye movement
  • Decreased vision, as swollen tissues may have pushed the optic nerve
  • Double vision – Due to restriction of the eyes’ normal movements
  • “Staring” appearance – The eye bulges 

What are the treatments for thyroids eye disease?

Thyroid eye disease progresses through two primary phases: Active and Inactive. The phase of active inflammation can last from several months to two years during which dryness and redness in the eye will likely be prominent. In the inactive phase, the condition may have settled down, but patients may be left with effects such as protruding eyes and may require additional treatment. Treatments for thyroid eye disease include:

  • Self-care. These are treatments you can carry out yourself, including quitting smoking, wearing special sunglasses, using eye drops, wearing specially designed spectacles for double vision and avoiding exposure to irritants like dust.
  • Correcting Thyroid Hormone Levels. Medicine is given to adjust the levels of thyroid hormones in the blood.
  • Steroids. Powerful medicines that help control inflammation.
  • Radiotherapy. Considered during the active phase if steroids have been ineffective. 
  • Surgery. For severe and persistent symptoms, surgery is usually considered: Eyelid surgery, eye muscle surgery, or orbital decompression surgery.
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What is Tepezza?

Tepezza is a brand-new FDA approved prescription treatment for thyroid eye disease. It is delivered intravenously on site at Austin Face & Body in a multi-session treatment schedule over the course of a few weeks. Tepezza is an exciting and FDA approved TED treatment method that has proven effective in:

  • Reducing orbital pain, redness and swelling in the eye
  • Improving functional vision of patients and the appearance of the eyes
  • Decreasing proptosis (bulging of the eyes)
  • Correcting or improving diplopia (double vision)

Is Tepezza safe?

Tepezza is an FDA-approved treatment for thyroid eye disease: It is safe, however as with all medications, patients may experience some side effects. As Tapezza is a prescription medication, it must be  prescribed and administered by our doctors at Austin Face & Body.

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Am I a candidate?

Thyroid eye disease can affect anyone. If you feel you are suffering from the symptoms above, please contact us for a personal consultation. There are very contraindications for Tepezza, and Austin Face & Body has a wide range of effective treatment options for you.

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Dr. David Gay is a highly experienced master ophthalmologist specializing in eye surgeries of all kinds, including those required to treat thyroid eye disease and its effects. Providing the highest level of patient care and results, Dr. Gay remains abreast of all research and innovation in his field and is thus proud to be able to offer Tepezza in Austin to his patients. If you are looking for a renowned Austin ophthalmologist to help you treat and correct TED, please schedule a consultation with us here at Austin Face & Body.

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